The Taj Mahal of Agra is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It symbolizes about deep immense love for someone, which the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan did. It was at the age of 14 that he met Mumtaz and fell in love with her. After death of Mumtaz Mahal on giving birth to the fourteenth child of the emperor, Shah jahan build this monument for recollecting her memory. The construction of Taj Mahal started in the year 1631 and it took approximately 22 years to build what we see today as an epitome of love. Taj Mahal Agra was finally completed in the year 1653. All information regarding Taj Mahal Facts and History is given here in this page.
Taj Mahal Facts and History
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Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1653. It tooks almost 22 years to complete this monument. The Taj Mahal is built on a parcel of land to the south of the walled city of Agra. The construction project employed around 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by Ustad Ahmad Lagauri. Taj Mahal calligrapher was Amanat Khan Shirazi, his name occurs at the end of an inscription on one of the gates of the Taj. Poet Ghiyasuddin had designed the verses on the tombstone, while Ismail Khan Afridi of Turkey was the dome maker. Muhammad Hanif was the superintendent of Masons. The domed marble tomb is part of an integrated complex consisting of gardens and two red sandstone buildings surrounded by acrenellated wall on three sides.
A fifteen kilometer (9.3 mi) tamped-earth ramp was built to transport marble and materials to the construction site
Total cost of the construction
Scholars have estimated that the total cost of constructing the Taj Mahal may have been about 32 million Rupees at that time.
Role of Animals
Over a 1,000 elephants were put to work on the construction site, to lift, carry and transport logs, blocks of marble and any other material that was required across the construction site
A fifteen kilometer (9.3 mi) tamped-earth ramp was built to transport marble and materials to the construction site and teams of twenty or thirty oxen pulled the blocks on specially constructed wagons.
The white marble was brought from the quarries of Makrana, in distt. Nagaur, Rajasthan. Copies of orders (farmans) issued to Raja Jai Singh, for the purpose by Shah Jahan, can be seen in the Taj Museum.
Red sandstone was brought from Fatehpur Sikri, Jasper from Punjab, Jade and Crystal from China, Turquoise from Tibet, Lapis Lazuli and Sapphire from Sri Lanka, Coal & Comelian from Arabia and Diamonds from Panna. In all 28 kind of rare, semi precious and precious stones were used for inlay work in the Taj Mahal.
Architecture and Design
The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on design traditions of Persian and earlier Mughal Architecture While earlier Mughal buildings were primarily constructed of red sandstone, Shah Jahan promoted the use of white marble inlaid with semi precious stone
Interior and exterior
The Interior of Taj Mahal Chamber is an octagon with the design allowing for entry from each face, though, only the south garden-facing door is used. The interior walls are about 25 metre high and topped by a “false” interior dome decorated with a sun motif
On Exterior Of Taj Mahal 99 names of Allah found on the sides of the actual tomb as calligraphic inscriptions. Kurans is written on side of walls.
Location of the Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is located in Agra, in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the River Yamuna in Agra and is easily accessible by road. The distance of Taj Mahal from Delhi is about 200 km.
The main chamber houses the false sarcophagi of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan the actual graves are at a lower level. Earlier Taj mahal was having precious stones,diamonds fitted in the walls inside the chamber where sarcophagi was kept ,which was later filled by red stones by the britishers.
Myths about Taj Mahal
Myth holds that Shah Jahan planned a mausoleum to be built in black marble as a Black Taj Mahal across the Yamuna river. The idea originates from fanciful writings of Jean Baptiste Tavernier, a European traveller who visited Agra in 1665
Another myths is that Taj Mahal was a shiv temple. In 2000, India’s Supreme Court dismissed P N Oak ‘s petition to declare that a Hindu king built the Taj Mahal.
Why was the Taj Mahal built and for whom was it built?
It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”.
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