Aerospace Engineering Elements are not limited to a particular field. It is very vast that nobody can even image and compare with other branch. It not only include aerodynamic, but also include mechanical, electrical, machine, civil and much more. Because of the complexity and number of disciplines involved, aerospace engineering is carried out by teams of engineers. Basis of most of these elements lies in theoretical physics, such as fluid dynamics for aerodynamics or the equations of motion for flight dynamics. Here some of the Aerospace Engineering Elements are mentioned with their introduction.
Aerospace Engineering Elements
Some of the Aerospace Engineering Elements are as follows:
- Aeroacoustics – the study of noise generation via either turbulent fluid motion or aerodynamic forces interacting with surfaces.
- Aeroelasticity – the interaction of aerodynamic forces and structural flexibility, potentially causing flutter, divergence, etc.
- Aircraft structures – design of the physical configuration of the aircraft to withstand the forces encountered during flight. Aerospace engineering aims to keep structures lightweight and low-cost, while maintaining structural integrity.
- Avionics – the design and programming of communication systems on board an aircraft or spacecraft and the simulation of systems.
- Astrodynamics – the study of orbital mechanics including prediction of orbital elements when given a select few variables.
- Control engineering – the study of the dynamic behavior of systems and designing them, so that their dynamic behavior is desirable (with minimum error). This applies to the dynamic behavior of aircraft, spacecraft, propulsion systems, and subsystems that exist on aerospace vehicles.
- Electro technology – the study of electronics within engineering.
- Flight test – designing and executing flight test programs in order to gather and analyze performance, handling qualities data and certification requirements.
- Fluid mechanics – the study flow of fluid around objects. Specifically aerodynamics concerning the flow of air over bodies such as wings or through objects such as wind tunnels.
- Materials science – related to structures, aerospace engineering also studies the materials. New materials with very specific properties are invented, or existing ones are modified to improve their performance.
- Mathematics – in particular, calculus, differential equations, and linear algebra.
- Noise control – the study of the mechanics of sound transfer.
- Propulsion – the energy to move a vehicle through the air (or in outer space) provided by internal combustion engines, jet engines, or rockets. A more recent version to this is electric propulsion and ion propulsion.
- Risk and reliability – the study of risk and reliability assessment techniques involved in the quantitative methods.
- Software – the implementation of computer software for aerospace applications, including flight software, ground control software, test & evaluation software, etc.
- Statics and mechanics – the study of movement, forces, moments in mechanical systems.
Apart from this some of the other Aerospace Engineering Elements include thermal control, equation of motion etc.